This Day in History

19th Amendment Becomes Part of the Constitution
August 18, 1920

Confronting a reluctant Congress, women followed the example set by the suffragettes of England. They paraded, agitated, demonstrated, went on hunger strikes, and chained themselves to the White House fences. Belatedly - and even reluctantly - President Wilson came out on their side “as a war measure,” and in the summer of 1919 Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which stated that “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied by the United States, or by any State on account of sex.”

Thereafter, notwithstanding implacable hostility in most of the southern states, the amendment was ratified by three-fourths of the states in record time; on August 18, 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment became part of the Constitution.

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All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2019. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.