The Civil War, Day by Day

The Glorious Fourth

Vicksburg Surrenders

Although Pemberton was a Confederate commander, he was a native of Pennsylvania. Fully aware of his fellow Northerner’s sentimental reverence for Independence Day, he believed he could negotiate generous surrender terms on July 4.

On July 3, Grant and Pemberton negotiated in a tense meeting outside Vicksburg. At first, Grant held to his characteristic policy of “unconditional surrender,” but then agreed to give Pemberton an answer that night. Grant ultimately agreed to parole the rebels and allow them “all their clothing, but no other property.” The next day, approximately 29,000 Confederate soldiers left their positions as the Stars and Stripes once again flew over the Vicksburg courthouse.

Indeed, July 4 was a glorious day, for the Union had also won the Battle of Gettysburg. Four days later, the Confederacy surrendered Port Hudson, Louisiana - and the Mississippi River was returned to the Union.

July's Archived Features:

Monday July 1, 2019
Tuesday July 2, 2019
Wednesday July 3, 2019
Thursday July 4, 2019
Friday July 5, 2019
Saturday July 6, 2019
Sunday July 7, 2019
Monday July 8, 2019
Tuesday July 9, 2019
Wednesday July 10, 2019
Thursday July 11, 2019
Friday July 12, 2019
Saturday July 13, 2019
Sunday July 14, 2019
Monday July 15, 2019
Tuesday July 16, 2019
Wednesday July 17, 2019
Thursday July 18, 2019
Friday July 19, 2019
Saturday July 20, 2019



All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2019. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.