The Civil War, Day by Day

Two Feathers

Last Confederate Force in the Field Surrenders

History has somewhat neglected the role of the West and the American Indians during the Civil War. The men of the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) provided solid support to the Southern cause, and were often commended by Confederate leaders for their gallantry and dignity. In 1864, Watie’s brigade had helped to capture a train of 255 loaded wagons and a large parcel of Union property while keeping Confederate losses to a minimum.

By the spring of 1865, however, the proud Indians were forced to give up their cause. Robert E. Lee had already surrendered at Appomattox, and rebels in Southern states from Florida to Missouri were gradually laying down their arms. The war was almost over. Jefferson Davis - the President of the Confederacy - faced imprisonment. There would only be one more Confederate skirmish after Watie’s surrender - on July 4, cavalry raider Jo Shelby led his brigade across the Rio Grande to deliver a final blow.

It had been a long and tragic fight. To the Confederates, it was a noble cause. Yet, to the Union soldiers, the Civil War was a tear in the fabric of our nation which would take years to mend - and a lifetime to forget.

July's Archived Features:

Wednesday July 1, 2020
Thursday July 2, 2020
Friday July 3, 2020
Saturday July 4, 2020
Sunday July 5, 2020
Monday July 6, 2020
Tuesday July 7, 2020
Wednesday July 8, 2020



All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2019. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.