The Civil War, Day by Day

Morgan's Raiders (detail)

The Territory of Arizona Secedes

When the secession movement began, Arizona was still part of the Territory of New Mexico. Although most residents in the territory were Union sympathizers, some leaned toward the Confederacy. The result was complete anarchy. Since the territory was loosely governed, conditions were ideal for Southern Captain John Baylor to move in on Arizona on August 1, 1861. He immediately declared that all of New Mexico south of the 34th parallel was now the Confederate Territory of Arizona. Baylor then established a new seat of government at Mesilla, and appointed himself governor.

Not surprisingly, many New Mexicans objected to Baylorís takeover of their region. The Union responded by sending Colonel E. R. S. Canby to establish a U.S. Department of New Mexico in the territory. Meanwhile, the Confederacy dispatched General H. H. Sibley to Fort Bliss, where he took command of the Army of New Mexico. Finally, the stalemate was broken when California - which was solidly pro-Union - sent a column of volunteer troops to chase the rebels from Arizona. A demoralized Sibley abandoned the region, and Arizona became a U.S. Territory in 1863.

Mort Künstler painted this poignant cavalry scene, a detail from Morganís Raiders, which typifies the cavalry troops in Arizona at the time of secession.

March's Archived Features:

Wednesday March 1, 2023
Thursday March 2, 2023
Friday March 3, 2023
Saturday March 4, 2023
Sunday March 5, 2023
Monday March 6, 2023
Tuesday March 7, 2023
Wednesday March 8, 2023
Thursday March 9, 2023
Friday March 10, 2023
Saturday March 11, 2023
Sunday March 12, 2023
Monday March 13, 2023
Tuesday March 14, 2023
Wednesday March 15, 2023
Thursday March 16, 2023
Friday March 17, 2023
Saturday March 18, 2023
Sunday March 19, 2023
Monday March 20, 2023
Tuesday March 21, 2023
Wednesday March 22, 2023
Thursday March 23, 2023
Friday March 24, 2023
Saturday March 25, 2023
Sunday March 26, 2023
Monday March 27, 2023
Tuesday March 28, 2023
Wednesday March 29, 2023
Thursday March 30, 2023



All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2019. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.