The Civil War, Day by Day

Gen. John Sappington Marmaduke


Missouri Formally Admitted to Confederacy

Missouri was especially desirable to both sides because it had the highest population and degree of wealth of any state west of the Mississippi River. Governor Claiborne Jackson supported the Southern cause, brandishing President Abraham Lincoln’s attempts to preserve the Union as “illegal, unconstitutional, inhuman, and diabolical. . . not one man will the state of Missouri furnish to carry on any such unholy crusade.”

Despite Jackson’s tirade, the state had more than 109,000 enlisted men in the Union army, as opposed to approximately 30,000 on the Confederate side. Altogether, Missouri sent about sixty percent of its men of military age to the Civil War, one of the highest percentages of any state. It also suffered heavy losses - more than 14,000 in the Union and 4,000 in the Confederacy.

When Missouri officially joined the South, the Confederacy appointed new senators and representatives. However, the North soon drove out the new leadership and established its own provisional government. To insure Missouri’s allegiance to the Union, Lincoln did not interfere in the state’s pro-slavery policy.

Mr. Künstler’s portrait of Gen. Marmaduke, a Confederate officer from Missouri, features Missouri's state seal.





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All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2019. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.