The Civil War, Day by Day

Gen. John Bell Hood


Hood’s Franklin and Nashville Campaign Begins

One arm was permanently disabled by wounds at Gettysburg; he lost a leg two months later at Chickamauga. He clumped about on crutches; and when he rode, he had to be strapped to the saddle. The stump of his leg gave him constant pain.

Despite Hood’s impairments, President Davis named him in July 1864 to succeed the retreating Joseph E. Johnston as commander of the Army of Tennessee. Lee opposed the appointment. “Hood is a good fighter,” Lee acknowledged, “very industrious on the battlefield, careless off. . . ”

Hood wasted no time in launching not one but three disastrous attacks from his earthworks at Atlanta. Forced to abandon that city in September, Hood then led his army on what Richard McMurry has classified as “the most poorly planned and executed major campaign of the war.” Stunning defeats at Franklin and Nashville all but destroyed the Army of Tennessee. The general was removed from command at his own request.





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All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2019. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.