The Civil War, Day by Day

There Stands Jackson Like a Stone Wall (detail)

The First Battle of Bull Run

Immediately after this landmark Confederate victory, President Abraham Lincoln sequestered himself with his cabinet. It was now clear that a long and bitter Civil War had begun in earnest.

The first round of fighting ended in favor of the North. McDowell extended his white gloved hand to congratulate his men, and a small group of onlookers cheered loudly, certain that a Union victory had been won. But, unbeknownst to the Union, Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston had slipped away from his position in the Shenandoah Valley to provide support to General Beauregard. As the fighting moved to Henry House Hill, another confederate general, Thomas Jackson, led his Virginia brigade in forming an impenetrable front against the repeated Northern assaults. As a result of his rigid stand, he would forever be known as “Stonewall” Jackson.

Suddenly, fresh Confederate troops arrived and began to counterattack the Northerners. By this time, many Federal soldiers and officers had withdrawn from the scene, leaving the remaining troops without any backup. Lt. Josiah Favill of the 57th New York Infantry recalled the scene: “Everywhere there was hurry and confusions. The wagons and batteries filled the roads, while the men spread out on either side - gradually losing their formations and fast becoming reckless.” Near panic ensued as McDowell’s nearly victorious army disintegrated.

July's Archived Features:

Sunday July 1, 2018
Monday July 2, 2018
Tuesday July 3, 2018
Wednesday July 4, 2018
Thursday July 5, 2018
Friday July 6, 2018
Saturday July 7, 2018
Sunday July 8, 2018
Monday July 9, 2018
Tuesday July 10, 2018
Wednesday July 11, 2018
Thursday July 12, 2018
Friday July 13, 2018
Saturday July 14, 2018
Sunday July 15, 2018
Monday July 16, 2018
Tuesday July 17, 2018
Wednesday July 18, 2018
Thursday July 19, 2018
Friday July 20, 2018



All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2018. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.