This Day in History
Jonas Salk's Polio Vaccine

Dr. Jonas Salk Born
October 28, 1914

For nearly forty years after the great epidemic of 1916, which brought panic to the city of New York and the country as a whole, parents passed summers in fear of poliomyelitis, or infantile paralysis. Little was known of the dreaded disease, except that it was seasonal, striking in summer and leaving thousands of children dead and thousands more crippled. No wonder the jubilation in 1955, both in the United States and around the world, when a vaccine developed by Jonas Edward Salk (then on the faculty of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine) proved an effective deterrent against the disease. Honored by governments, idolized by the public, Dr. Salk fared less well at the hands of his scientific colleagues. Criticized incessantly during the early stages of his research, Salk had pursued, nevertheless, his investigations to success. After the vaccine had gained acceptance, he was nominated for both the Nobel Prize and membership in the National Academy of Science. Salk received neither award. Despite being hampered by a manufacturer’s botching of early samples of the vaccine and the reluctance of the American Medical Association to sponsor mass immunization, the “Salk Vaccine” demonstrated its worth. By 1963 the incidence of polio had declined over ninety-five percent - surely, one of the great triumphs of medicine. In the same year the Salk Institute of Biological Studies, which today continues its researches into ways to prevent other illnesses, opened its doors in La Jolla, California. The war against polio, as it can be viewed in hindsight, proved a milestone in the history of America.

October's Archived Features:

Saturday October 1, 2016
Sunday October 2, 2016
Monday October 3, 2016
Tuesday October 4, 2016
Wednesday October 5, 2016
Thursday October 6, 2016
Friday October 7, 2016
Saturday October 8, 2016
Sunday October 9, 2016
Monday October 10, 2016
Tuesday October 11, 2016
Wednesday October 12, 2016
Thursday October 13, 2016
Friday October 14, 2016
Saturday October 15, 2016
Sunday October 16, 2016
Monday October 17, 2016
Tuesday October 18, 2016
Wednesday October 19, 2016
Thursday October 20, 2016
Friday October 21, 2016
Saturday October 22, 2016
Sunday October 23, 2016
Monday October 24, 2016
Tuesday October 25, 2016
Wednesday October 26, 2016
Thursday October 27, 2016



All illustrations by Mort Künstler. Text by Michael Aubrecht, Dee Brown, Henry Steele Commager, Rod Gragg, Mort Künstler, Edward Lengel, James McPherson, and James I. Robertson, Jr. - Copyright © 2001-2016. All Rights Reserved. No part of the contents of this web site may be reproduced or utilized in any form by any means without written consent of the artist.